In this day and age where our feeding habits have completely changed, our teeth are at greater risk than ever due to the high consumption of carbohydrates, sugar and food containing additives… But despite these negative conditions, dentistry evens out the field by gradually renewing itself from past to present.
Dental care, no matter which era we live in, has always been important. The history of dentistry is almost equivalent to the history of humanity. When we look at the period Be we see that dentistry was considered as a seperate branch of medicine in Egypt, we see the notes of Hesy- Re, who is regarded as the first ever dentist, and we find documents relating to dental treatment instruments and dental treatment methods of this period. The necessity of dental cleaning has also been adressed as well as the treatments. Teeth cleaning was carried out with a tool called miswak (a chew stick) in the first centuries AC, and the toothbrush that was similar to the ones we use today was made in the 15th century
The period we call modern dentistry dates back to 1700s. Of course the progress from then to today is extraordinary. The aims of treatments, as well as the methods and tools have gone through a change in this process. The basic principles of dentistry in the past, were about restoring what has already been lost and they were based on durability. Today’s principles however are more about preventing the loss, replacing what has already been lost with minimal treatments, and aesthetics.
Today dentists work with more extensive information and skill in a more narrow field thanks to the growing areas of expertise in dentistry. Dentists are also better equipped in terms of knowledge, and the condition of communication of our age makes it possible to always reach new information. Also, dental technicians and assisting personnel are better equipped to work with dentists thanks to the improvement of educational facilities.
Skills of a dentist have always been very important in dentistry, but now with advances in science and technology there are also a lot of devices that assist dentists Dental clinics almost resemble a cosmodrome with their computer-aided technological equipment. Each patient is registered with photographs and x-rays, and this information is shared with other doctors and technicians when necessary. It is possible to find out the cause of the problem from the very beginning thanks to digital x-rays, tomographies and oral cameras that are used for making a diagnosis. The class-B autoclaves provide full sterilization. Painless anesthesia systems, tools that are more quiet and comfortable, more powerful and fast but less traumatic, support the treatments. All this equipment decrease the number of treatment sessions while increasing the success rate.
In parallel with all these developments, patients are also more informed; they want perfection in terms of both aesthetics and functionality. We have a high amount of resources in dentistry, all of us can easily obtain a variety of effective oral care products. There are many well- equipped clinics and doctors we can choose from. We can demand things that used to be considered impossible from doctors now. This progress may reach a whole new dimension in the future. Drugs that prevent or treat tooth decay, or growing a whole new tooth with dental stem cells to replace a pulled one, can be feasible treatments in the near future, and our perspective of treatment may change completely in the new century.