It is such an elaborate and refined work that it also inspired an expression “knitting stitch by stitch like lace”. The highest form of the art of handicraft… A guest of our houses from the past till now; the most delicate pieces found in dowries of young girls… Lacework, demanding both the highest level of handicraft skills and sense of elegant esthetics is also a cultural heritage.
Goddess of wisdom, art, peace and inspiration in Greek mythology, Athena is also the protector of handcraft, delicate laces and knits. According to mythology, Athena is not only the protector of handcraft but also a teacher of such crafts. In stories it is told that women learn the hardest of handcrafts from Athena and are inspired by the knits she creates revealing her incredible talent. However, while no doubt extremely talented, Athena is also a very jealous character. She is famous for punishing those who create more beautiful handcraft than hers. One of the most innocent victims suffering from Athena’s rage is the beautiful Arachne of Lydia. She weaves such exquisite laces that there are people coming from faraway lands just to take a glance at her lacework and knits. This rightful fame drives Athena crazy and she visits Arachne. Athena challenges her and starts weaving while Arachne also works as passionately as Athena. The laces created by Arachne are so dazzling that Athena can’t find anything wrong with them and gets really angry. Even though Athena is mad with her, she can’t bring herself to let this handcraft wither and die and says, “Because you challenged me, you will spend your whole life on webs,” and turns her into a spider.
The homeland of lace: Venice
Lace, which is also referred to in mythological stories, can be defined as the dance of needles with thread. The word “dante 1” (Turkish for lace) comes from the French work “dentelle” and is a type of thin and weblike weaving knitted with all kinds of threads or trimmed to the sides of fabric. While the word in our language comes from French, the mainland of lace is considered as Italy. It is claimed that Venice, one of the most romantic cities in the world is the actual land on which lace was created. Requiring the highest level of handcraft skills and a sense of elegant esthetics, this craft seems to have first emerged in Burano island of Venice in the 16th century. Today, there is even a lacework museum on the island. The institution which first started as a school teaching lacework in 1872, has been serving as a lace museum since 1891. Since those years, both needle lace and weaver’s shuttle lacework is being created on Burano Island. The historical and natural beauties of Venice, which is one of the most charming attraction centers for tourists with its colorful houses and narrow canals, are also reflected on laceworks on exhibit at the museum.
An essential part of dowries
Lace has an important place among almost all societies from the past till now. A lot of women express themselves through this form of art. Yet, lacework has an even more special place in the Anatolian culture. A very crucial detail of the tradition of lace in Anatolia is lace. Laces knitted in different patterns and colors are some of the most valuable pieces of young girls’ dowries. Lace, which is a cultural heritage in this culture, reflects the happiness, sadness, excitement and love of Anatolian women. While they are not as popular as before, lace has found itself a place in almost every corner of the traditional Anatolian houses. In the 17 century, lacework that reached Eastern regions from Europe found itself a home in Anatolia and was shaped according to this culture. Furthermore, each region started creating their unique lace models. Lacework is shaped according to the nature, local culture and lifestyle of that region. Trees, flowers, fruit, leaves and different motives come to life in skillful hands. Lacework sometimes is named after the region. The towels of Bursa trimmed with lace are a good example of this.
Pillows, table and coffee tables, towels, curtains, blankets, covers, sides of bed covers, decorative objects… There aren’t any areas in a house lace can’t reach. If the lady of the house likes lace, it would be possible to see it on almost all objects in the house. While lace is used in many different forms, it is mostly used in table clothes. While table cloths can be completely lace, sometimes sides of a cover, which can be in an original, different design, can be embellished by trimming it with elegant lace. The most famous lace
There are obviously various different techniques used for lacework, which has been in the hands of women for centuries. Each technique takes on a different form in every hand. The most widely known form of lacework is Anglez. Creating good lacework is almost impossible without knowing the Anglez technique. Angelz technique is usually used to express Romanian point lace. So what is Hizla akan sehlr hayatmm kosturmaeasmda biraz sakinlesmek, bir seyler iiretmenin keyfini yasamak isteyenlere dantel ormek farkh bir kapi arahyor. Dantel dahll tiim orgii Isler], yapan ldsinin zihnini rahatlatarak an’a tasryor,
Lacework opens a new door for those who want to slow down in the fast pace of the city life and to enjoy producing something. All knitting and weaving works including lace making, relaxes one’s mind; ensure that they are right there embracing that moment.
this Anglez technique and how is it done? According to the experts there are three stages. First, start with frequent stitches of the decorative braid with 2 chains. Then, flip the work over, take the thread onto the needle from top to bottom from within the 2 stiches on the bottom line and add frequent stiches. Again turn the work over and do another stitching. As you see, it is definitely not an easy technique yet, laces done with the Anglez technique have a special place. Lacework with five knitting needles “Five-knitting needle lace” is one of the techniques that create the best examples of laceworks. As the name gives away, this type of lacework done with five knitting needles is much different done lacework. Four fixed and one knitting needle is used in this technique which is usually used for round models. In lacework models weaved five needles, thinner threads normally used for lacework cannot be used. With this technique, threads that have the thickness between a wool thread and a lace thread are used for creating motifs. The Crete lace models widely created in Mudanya district of Bursa display some of the most beautiful and valuable examples of this handicraft. The difference of Crete lace is it to be woven by two needles. In other words, it requires more delicate knowledge and effort in this line of work. The works created by two needles can actually be turned into works of art. There are already certain steps taken to promote Crete lace to the world. Mudanya City Council has opened new courses for Crete lace to pass it onto younger generations. The council executives also noted that they want the world to associate Mudanya’s name with Crete lace just like Burano (the Lace Island) in Italy.
Art of lace making
Lacework is not just an ornament on objects in the house. We also come across it from modern art to fashion in different forms. Lacework trimmed to a corner of a painting might add a different perspective it. Not just in art work, lace details may also add grace and elegancy to clothes. From dresses to blazers, from gloves to bags, handmade laces offer another elegancy. ‘Lace is not only confined in houses, it has taken over the streets as well. For example, a female artist, Ne Spoon from Warsaw, weaves lace to walls, manhole covers, transformer doors, in other words, anywhere she can find. Carrying her art from the customary, frequent surfaces of art and art galleries, she brings lacework to city streets by using various techniques all over the world. Included in modern life as a hobby Requiring long meticulous effort, inspiring “Knitting stitch by stitch like lace” expression used in order to define how much effort is required to accomplish a hard and detailed work, lace unfortunately cannot find the place it deserves in modern life. Yet, those who become interested in this handicraft have the chance to include lace making as a hobby into their lives by attending various courses and workshops. Lacework opens a new door for those who want to slow down in the fast pace of the city life and to enjoy producing something. All knitting and weaving works including lace making, relaxes one’s mind; ensure that they are right there embracing that moment. Sustaining this tradition of lace, which has been ongoing for centuries, requires a lot of effort. Thanks to the efforts of those who strive to maintain this handicraft.